I meant to add the link below (from a 2011 Grant Wiggins blog post) as a related article on my last post on Grant’s articles about Feedback. All of his articles and posts are interesting to read together.
Grant explains the context for his post. He writes in response to an email query about a Formative and Summative assessment policy.
‘…In theory, I would define ‘formative’ assessment as “useful feedback with an opportunity to use that feedback” to perform optimally on later summative assessments…’
‘…what makes a formative assessment formative – is whether I have a chance to get and use feedback in a later version of the ‘same’ performance. It’s only formative if it is ongoing; it’s only summative if it is the final chance, the ‘summing up’ of student performance…’
Read the full post here: